A Beginner’s Guide to Different Types Of Helmets

Every sane rider acknowledges how vital a headgear is for motorcyclists as well as bikers on the account of its utmost safety provision from injuries. The way it safeguards the skull, face, and neck has made it essential for riding by law or by will.

In this advanced era, riders have a diverse variety to choose a helmet from based on their requirements. With the revolutionary expansion in riding styles over the past years, the manufacturers have been updating their helmet designs to fit best with the respective riding style. 

In this regard, various types of helmets have been introduced in the market for bikes as well as motorcycles. So, there is a vast list of different helmets for bikes and motorbikes. 

Each of them serves a different purpose and will not suit all riding styles. Thereby it is significant to acquire a better understanding of these protective headgears to get the best-compatible one.

For the same reason, this article has described different types of helmets including bicycle helmets and motorcycle helmets. After reading it in its entirety, you will be able to identify which helmets will be best for you by comparing them with other head protective equipment.

10 Different Types Of Helmets

There are 10 Different Types Of Helmets. We divided into Motorcycle and Bike Helmets, Let’s discuss the first 5 Types of Motorcycle helmets:

5 Types of Motorcycle helmets:

In the domain of motorcycles; off-road motocross, on-road motorcycles, and sports motorbikes are included mainly. They are rid over varied terrains and carry features accordingly. Since the topography tends to be different, the safety requirements also become different.

Some terrains are uneven so they need special safety attention that is ensured by protective equipment. Besides terrain, the rider’s preference does also matter based on which several helmets for the same riding styles are also manufactured. Encompassing all things, the following types of helmets are out on the market. 

  • Full-face helmet
  • Open-face helmet or half helmet
  • Modular helmet 
  • Dual sport helmet
  • Off-road helmet

1) Full-face helmet

As the name indicates, such a helmet covers your face fully with a fixed chin bar that is not moveable as in a modular helmet. So, it can be slid upside on the head. 

It contains a visor that tends to have an anti-fog and anti-UV coating. Thereafter, it gives you maximum protection in foggy weather. Also, it keeps the dust and debris away from your face. Particularly, the bugs that attack directly on the eyes and face are kept off. 

On account of these features, they have also considered the best helmets for bikes being rid of off-road. 

Since the biggest problem encountered on hot days is sweating due to insufficient air circulation, the visor is made flexible to slide up for getting more air inside from the open front.  

Regarding wind noise, it is far more efficient in reducing the disruption than other helmets implying that it will not create chaos while riding on heights or in windy areas.   

2) Open face helmet & half helmet

Unlike full face and modular helmets; an open face, as well as a half helmet, does not have a chin bar which is their major identification. So they are completely open from the front. A half helmet covers the area even less than an open face.

For people who want more airflow, they are more suitable for them than a modular helmet because their weight is also lesser. If you are a tourer in warm weather, they will do their best in keeping you cool by circulating air from open front and side areas. 

However, in hot weather, you can wear goggles also as an alternative to a visor.  

A drawback of an open face and half helmet is that your face remains exposed and is not safe in a crisis. Also, there is no visor built-in for weather protection. You may find a visor in some packages but not all. 

Moreover, some half helmets do not even cover the neck fully to prevent injury. It will not give you as much safety. 

Also, communication systems such as Bluetooth speakers are not generally mounted on them due to less area. 

In the wake of these limitations, they are quite not feasible for off-road adventuring.

Nonetheless, they are very efficient in local traveling with fine weather. Further, they are usually lightweight because of the less material used in the structure. 

3) Modular helmet (flip up & flip off)

Among the different types of helmets, a modular helmet has a major distinction in the chin bar flexibility. Unlike a full-face helmet, it can be moved up to keep the face open to the air. They also have a visor for face protection. 

Such a helmet is suitable for those who need more ventilation or they sweat profusely inside the helmet. Usually, on-road travelers or office commuters use them, particularly in hot weather. 

However, they put a lot of weight on the neck for being very heavy causing you fatigue, tiredness, and back pain. 

Another drawback is that their chin bar is very flexible, reflecting that it can flex even in case of an accident too. This is why a modular helmet is not considered very effective. Especially, for long rides, they are not recommended at all because they will give you severe neck pain. 

4) Motocross helmet

As the name suggests, a motocross bike helmet is used by off-road riders that go over tricky trails, bumpy roads, and uneven paths. While cruising through the desert, you can encounter a dust storm around your trail bike whereby face protection will become indispensable.

Similarly, you may fall into a pit where the brain is susceptible to undergoing concussion. Likewise, a sharp turn in an adventure can make you fall causing a shocking impact on the skull. To prevent all these situations, a headgear encompassing safety parameters able to manage all such incidents is very important. 

This is why an off-road helmet is made with a highly shock-absorbing liner, particularly with MITS or WaveCel technology installed for mitigating impactful force. Furthermore, a visor with a layer of anti-fog and anti- UV rays is ascertained to keep away the trail debris and dust. 

Since you are supposed to be on high speed when riding a dirt bike or a trail bike, the motocross helmet is made slightly angled towards the chin bar to add weight. Also, you can wear goggles due to sun rays. Wind noise is also reduced greatly.

You will also find many of the Bluetooth dirt bike helmets with the communication system installed. This gives the rider an additional feature to stay in touch with fellow riders or get directions from GPS on phone.

5) Dual Sport helmet

These helmets are a mixture of a full-face helmet and an off-road helmet. However, their identification is that they are heavier than full face and less angled towards the chin than off-road helmets. Also, a crossover helmet is less ventilated than the motocross.

Since the qualities of these hybrid helmets are very much similar to both types of helmets, they can be used on-road as well as off-road besides for sports. 

These enduro helmets are made with high technology material because, during sports, the rider can fall vulnerably. Their inner foam, outer shell, ventilation, visor, and chin cover are made in a way that protects the head, chin, jaws, face, and neck up to great extent in any untoward situation. 

However, if you are a local traveler, prefer an on-road helmet i.e. full face, half, open face, and modular helmet more than a sports helmet. 


Since there are ample road bikes available in the market, manufacturers have been introducing compatible helmets with different names. But, almost all the helmets fall into the above-mentioned categories. You may find a helmet with a totally different name but look at its features and design, it will certainly be the same as any of the above helmets in most cases. 

5 Types of bike helmets

Like motorcycles, bicycles have also been developing over years owing to users’ thrill. Ergo there are multiple kinds of bike helmets launched to fit best with corresponding bikes. The different types of helmets:

  • Mountain bike helmet
  • Road bike helmet
  • BMX helmet
  • Full-face bicycle helmet
  • Toddler cycle helmet

1) Mountain bike helmet

If you are a mountain climber, you need to wear a mountain bike helmet while riding on a mountain bike. The special feature of this type of helmet is the extended rear side to cover more neck area. This is because there is a high chance of falling backward when going up due to which the neck can undergo injury.

To further protect, the helmet is made very sturdy from the inside and outside. The inner foam and liner are made technically effective and a maximum safety provider. 

Additionally, a mountain helmet is also made heavy so they may not get off easily. 

2) Road bike helmet

This is the simplest type of cycling helmet and usually has an elongated structure. A road bike helmet contains a well-ventilated outer shell, protective inner liner, and fit system like many helmets for bikes. 

The ventilation system is made very cautiously because the biker may need to ride in warm weather where sweating can cause problems.

You can also use glasses or goggles to get rid of dust. 

Over time, accessories like backlights and mirrors have also been added to help in commuting.  

3) BMX helmet 

Bicycle motocross (BMX) tends to be used in motocross style over uneven terrain so their respective helmet provides safety accordingly. 

The foremost attribute is their material quality which is ensured by checking compliance with safety standards. They must be certified or else you will have no guarantee of your security. 

The inner foam is made of EPS liner which is crushable and acts as a cushion beneath the head.  

A great feature of this biking helmet is the chin bar provision for jaws and chin protection along with the face. 

The visor is also ensured for keeping the debris away. 

4) Full-face bicycle helmet

Unlike other bicycle helmets, a full-face bike helmet is similar to a motorcycle helmet having a strong chin bar, full face visor, and rear side coverage. 

These helmets are used for off-road ridings such as in deserts, narrow sections, sharp turnovers, and adventurous paths. 

With that in view, it is obvious that the face cannot be left exposed because there is a high potential to be in dutch. This way, such a biking helmet safeguards the face, brain, and neck. 

The visor also has its significance in a way that blazing sun rays, fog, and rain do not reach directly to the face.

Although this helmet may feel heavy, its features outweigh its limited drawbacks. 

5) Toddler cycle helmet

A toddler helmer is designed for toddlers with a lightweight and compact design to not make the junior rider slack off. 

The graphics of these bike helmets are designed very nicely with attractive colors to exert a pull on babies’ attention.

As the little bikers are not supposed to encounter road debris and off-road dust, they do not need a visor as such. Hence you will not find it in a toddler helmet.

A necessary feature i.e. ventilation is ensured in order to keep the head cooler and ultimately fresh to ride comfortably. 

Final Words

This write-up has interpreted different types of helmets including bicycle helmets as well as motorcycle helmets. Over time, the helmets have been modified and structured in new ways to become compatible with the latest riding styles.

However, some helmets serving the same purpose are also labeled with different names after minor modifications only which often confuses the reader as the list is very vast. They deem as if they are different from the ones they know.

In the same way, you may find a helmet other than those described in this article but be wary to check out its features that will be the same as you already know.


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